65. Southern land of young cattle
The term Italia, from Latin: Italia, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning "land of young cattle" (cf. Lat vitulus "calf", Umb vitlo "calf").
The origins of the name Adriatic are linked to the Etruscan settlement of Adria, which probably derives its name from the Illyrian adur meaning water or sea.
Ancient Greek writers linked it to the myth of Io.
Its name derives from the Greek name for the Etruscans, who were said to be led by the prince Tyrrhenus. The Etruscans settled along the coast of modern Tuscany and referred to the water as the "Sea of the Etruscans".
Different interpretations: one is from the Latin campania (countryside, plain, battlefield); compare Champagne in France.
Modern linguists postulate origins in a Proto-Indo-European language, expressing the idea of "flat land" (in contrast to the local Sabine high country).
Island settled by the Sicels.
The word Abruzzo according to the most acclaimed hypothesis would be from Aprutium as the popular evolution of (ad) Praetutium, an ancient Italic population that lived in the area of the present Teramo.
The name might derive from the Latin word mola, mill, or from the French name Moulins, related to the name of the Lords who ruled the region in the Middle Ages.
The term Japudes is made up of the prefixed archaeologist "jap-", indicating the peoples from the other coast of the Adriatic.
The name derives from "basilikos" (Greek: βασιλικός), which refers to the basileus, the Byzantine emperor, who ruled the region in the 9th–11th centuries.
The origin seems to be a pre-Roman root * calcu- / or bumble * calabra- / galabra-, which means "rock" , "limestone or iced concrete".
▫ Eilean Donan Castle.
Seeing this famous castle lit up by sunrays as we approached forced a record breaking de-camp and set up. Would have loved to spend another hour or two there, but the NC500 beckoned!
I had a presentation for my art class final. We were to design our ultimate art exhibit, and I decided my ultimate exibit would be textile based and fashion through the ages. Here's from my slideshow that I made for my presentation portion of the assignment.
Pictured above is a Soviet partisan firing upon German movements while sitting on a tree to distract the attention of the enemy during the passing of a Partisan detachment to the frontline, Winter 1941. The picture was taken by Sergey Strunnikov.
10 39542 hours ago
Death in the Skies | In WW1, April of 1917 was known as Bloody April. During this time, the defensive and reconnaissance strategy of the Royal Air Force met with the offensive, The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte. The Germans came out on top. In Bloody April, the life span of a British Pilot went from 295 flight hours to 92 flight hours. During this disastrous month, the British lost 245 aircraft, 211 aircrew were killed or missing, and 108 were taken as prisoners of war.
December 12th 1940 - On this day in World War Two history, the Luftwaffe bombs Sheffield, England in a raid that lasts nine hours.
By this point in time, the Germans had fully switched into the role of terror bombing British cities.
During the Battle of Britain, the Germans had attacked British ports, industry, and RAF factories/airfields in an attempt to make possible a German invasion of the British Isles. By September, the RAF was not in a good place, and even though the Germans were sustaining large casualties, the choice to switch to terror bombing was the worst thing they could have done.
It was all because of a lone German bomber that mistakenly bombed London instead of a tactical target. The British were outraged at this and subsequently bombed Berlin in retaliation. Hitler, with his large ego and quick temper, then ordered the outright bombing of British cities in an attempt to destroy their morale and ability to live at all, culminating in surrender. But, Hitler should have known better. He was facing Winston Churchill, not Neville Chamberlain, and thus he was going to have to take every inch of British ground before he physically forced Churchill to sign any sort of surrender. Churchill was not an easy man to break to say the least.
With pressure pulled off the RAF, the British were able to recover in the air and start hitting back against the German Luftwaffe hard. The Germans eventually had to stop daylight bombings then constant bombings all together just because of the amount of losses they were taking.
The decision to switch to blitz bombing instead of tactical/strategic bombing was the worst decision Hitler could have made during the war, and it would come to haunt him in the end.
This picture shows British citizens as they take cover in a tube station during the Blitz.